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OBJECTIVES
• To create understanding of human built environment as a holistic, living entity from macro to micro scales, and shaped by geographic and socio-cultural forces as well as by historic, political and economic factors, through study of and design within the context of rural settlements.
• To enable a comprehensive study of rural settlement and architecture in order to understand them as exemplar of collective design that evolved through various parameters.
• To observe changes in the above, analyse their nature and causes for them.
• If required, to explore possible policy and physical interventions towards positive changes within the context studied.
• To enable design process that engages context and community.
CONTENT
Rural settlements offer an opportunity to understand basic aspects of human built environment and what goes into its making/ influences it. The interrelationship between built form and society will be studied, understood and established, starting from either end as required. Study of specific modes of rural/vernacular/traditional architecture including their morphology, local materials and construction techniques, details, meaning, etc., will be done to give an insight into the particulars and universals of architecture. Appropriate tools and processes can be used to aid the understanding. For building projects, the scale and complexity of planning and construction usually involved will be simple – small or medium span, ground plus two storeyed maximum, simple horizontal and vertical movements, simple/ local materials and construction, passive energy.
OUTCOME
• Ability to collect, assimilate and integrate knowledge in a holistic manner.
• Sensitivity towards the nature and values of unselfconscious and collective design as well as the interconnectedness of human society and environment.
• Ability to observe and analyse changes in the above.
• Ability to project future transformations and give possible/ appropriate ways to address issues, if any.
• Sensitivity in design approach in community oriented projects with respect to context, collective values and needs.
TEXTBOOKS
1. Amos Rapoport, ‘House, Form and Culture’, Prentice Hall, 1969.
2. Bernard Rudofsky, ‘Architecture without Architects’, MoMA, 1964.
3. Rajendra Kumar Sharma, ‘Rural Sociology’, Atlantic, 2011.
4. Joseph De Chiara, Michael J Crosbie, ‘Time Saver Standards for Building Types’, McGraw Hill Professional 2001.
REFERENCES
1. Ramachandran H, ‘Village Clusters and Rural Development’, Concept Publications, 1980.
2. Thorbeck D, ‘Rural Design’, Routledge,2002.
3. Hassan Fathy, ‘Architecture for the Poor’, University of Chicago press, 1973.
4. R. C. Arora, ‘Integrated Rural Development’, S. Chand, 1979.

PROJECT
The Design exercise this semester is a live, humane social project in rural context that are differentiated by settlement character, existence and functioning of local governance within a understated socio-economic framework which acts as an ensemble of people, environment, culture, material and many experiences. This studio critically engage with methods of critical appraisal to produce new ways of seeing, analyzing and understanding the spatial distributions, patterns and the everyday life in rural context. Through the study of rural settlements it is proposed to develop an understanding of indigenous architectural processes, construction techniques and paradigm shifts in rural development schemes with respect to transition in the socio-cultural and economic parameters.
To comprehend the dynamic complexity of a place requires understanding of variety of layers at different scales, times, and ways. A rural fabric is much more than the form it embodies and there are many questions about organic dynamics of how a rural lives, how natural patterns of community agglomeration occur, how people define zone and order, how a particular culture projects itself onto a space. This is a part of inquiry and learning that is the premise of the course with emphasis on field mapping, analysis and representation drawings. The scale will be limited in order to get into greater depth of detailing & specifications, incorporating all services.

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Course Curriculum

AR8311 ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN – II DISCUSSION 00:00:00
AR8311 ARCHITECTURA DESIGN II – CRITICAL APPRAISAL 00:00:00
AR8311 ARCHITECTURA DESIGN II – CRITICAL APPRAISAL 00:00:00

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